This is an overall plan to protect the Kulangsu Island as a scenic spot and develop tourism. Protection of historic buildings on Kulangsu follows the rules stated in Protection Plan of KULANGSU Historic Buildings.
The revision was completed in 2015 and now in the procedure for approval. The revision edition adjusting the orientation, development scale and concrete measures for Kulangsu Island based on the development in past five years. According to the General Plan after revision, the plan sets out the objective and development scale for the conservation and growth of the island. Kulangsu is defined as a subtropical island city. All important cultural heritage sites identified as “protected areas for cultural relics” shall follow the special protection strategies.
1. Overall heritage protection and management plans
The Conservation and Management Plan for Kulangsu Cultural Heritage Site, which passed examination and appraisal in 2011 and was finally released and implemented by the government in 2014, is a most important and effective means and basis of Kulangsu heritage site protection and management.
This plan specifies the heritage site’s heritage value and protection targets, and unifies the goals and basic principles of Kulangsu’s protection and development; the plan evaluates the threats and challenges to the heritage site and the status quo of conservation of various heritage constituents, and formulates the corresponding protection strategies and measures; it establishes a comprehensive heritage site protection and management system, ensures continuous and efficient work of heritage site protection and management, and keeps improving it; the plan also brings the heritage site’s value into full play and improves the heritage site’s comprehensive quality in combination with heritage protection and settlement development. The plan sets forth targeted management requirements on the heritage zone and buffer zone, delimiting the scope of protection of the heritage site’s core elements and implements provisions on management with reference to the provisions on management with respect to the scope of protection of key national heritage sites under protection: no other construction projects or explosion, drilling, digging and other operations shall be carried out in the area, no facilities polluting the cultural heritage site under protection and its environments shall be built, and no activities that might affect the safety and environment of the heritage’s core elements shall be carried out.
2.Guidelines on Protection and Utilization of Kulangsu’s Historical Buildings (2016)
Concerning restoration of the historic buildings, suggestions are given on layout of buildings, structures and construction, facade and decoration, daily maintenance, material and structural performance.Several sample projects are cited for future references. Besides, rules are also set on the principles of use, usage pattern, improvement of architectural performances, themes and media of presentations Meanwhile, Management scheme which includes public participation is also drawn up .All these suggestions and regulations are of valuable reference for implementation.
Formulation of these guidelines began in 2015 and is expected to be completed in the first half of 2016.
3.Guidelines on Control of Commercial Activities on Kulangsu (interim) (2014)
As the rising number of tourists and the chaotic commercial activities on Kulangsu, the Guidelines on Control of Commercial Activities on Kulangsu (interim) (2014) is developed in response to the requirements set in The Overall Planning on Renovation and Improvement of Kulangsu. The Guidelines focuses on control of business development with two objectives – provide sufficient commercial services for community residents, and improve the tourist business mode. Seven types of business are encouraged and 7 forbidden. All businesses shall not be operated in 9 ways. Mandatory requirement and suggestions are categorized into different parts.
4.Design of Tourism Capacity and Tourists Control of Kulangsu (2014)
The carrying capacity is calculated based on the ecology, space, social psychology and bearing capacity of facilities. It is suggested that the maximum number of visitors at a specific time should be under 30,000, the highest numbers of visitors are 65,000 per day with the ideal number of 30,000 per day and 13 million every year. It is further pointed out that the carrying capacity is a dynamic index which will be changed with the development of tourism, spatial layout, resources exploitation and types of tourism in the future.